The Time Paradox The New Psychology of Time That Will Change Your Life (E–book)
I read this last week or so before the terrible events in Paris At the time I thought of it as a self helpy kind of book with some relevant psychology I picked it up because I d watched some interviews with Philip Zimbardo about the Stanford Prison Experiment which has always been fascinating to me I wanted to see of his work I uess et a feel for how a respected psychologist could create a situation which was so evil and not notice it without outside help et a feel for what work he s done aside from that This is pretty far from all of that though at times insights from that situation do come up when it comes to time perspectivesWhich is what I ve taken away from this book most time perspectives There are several past negative past positive present fatalistic present hedonistic future And why has this stuck with me Well because there is a whole section on terrorist attacks and the explanations in terms of time perspective which adds one option transcendental future and Baghdad: City of Peace, City of Blood gives something of an answer to the issue and it stuck in my head because of the attacks on Charlie Hebdo stirring up reminders of 1172005 and 911 Here s a sectionSince the future is our primary motivational space destroying a person s expectations of the future can substantially undermine motivation Example of WWII in which the Axis had solid futureoals which the Allies then destroyed this eroded the Axis powers motivation and led to them losing the war This will not be the case with the current war on terror We now face an enemy whose visions of the mundane future lie smouldering in the ruins of Palestine Afghanistan and Ira This enemy s remaining hope lies suarely in the transcendental future As we have seen there is no way to prove disprove or destroy belief in the transcendental future Fighting an adversary with strong transcendental future Imagine That! goals by destroying its mundane futureoals ensures that transcendental future Elena's Conquest goals alone are obtainable We will win the war on terror not by destroying our enemy s future but by nurturing it The motivational power of the mundane future must be restored if mundane futureoals are to compete with transcendental future oals Only by building a mundane future full of hope optimism respect health and prosperity can the motivational power of the transcendental future be balanced Without mundane future oals Muslims have little desire left to preserve this life and understandably look to the transcendental future to realise their dreamsThere are parts I m uncomfortable with here mostly the fact that they re still talking about the war on terror without even any scare uotes like this is something we canshould be seeing as a war The automatic identification of people with this time perspective as Muslim But there s sense here too the King Alfred's Version of St. Augustine's Soliloquies goal of terrorism is to cause fear which any Yoda will tell you leads to hate and to suffering And by doing this people who commit terrorist acts particularly if they sacrifice themselves believe themselves to be attaining a better future for themselves and their familiesHow can we fight that by making the present worse Byoing along with that fear and hate perpetuating a cycleRight now I wish I could set up a dozen think tanks and set them this book to read with that chapter particularly highlighted for discussion Let them all come up with ways to improve the present for the susceptible population rather than punishing them for crimes committed by people already dead or for crimes not yet committed All of that only increases the appeal of a transcendental future orientationMost of the psychology of time perspectives I ve learned here I m applying not to myself but to people around me identifying
BEHAVIOURS AND MOTIVATIONS WORKING OUT HOW TO ADJUST MY and motivations working out how to adjust my to people based on what they orientate themselves on I thought it d be a light pop psychology read probably a bit too light because of the self help y vibes I Rescuing Gus got from it But now I m thinking about this and I can t stop especially as and commentary flows in do we assign blame to Charlie Hebdo how far do we allow free speech is it apologism to point out root causesI know I moing to be looking out for Kiva loans in areas low in mundane future looking for charities that do aid work in places we ve devastated looking for my own small ways to address the damage that s been done particularly in the name of the war on terror And I m oing to be talking about this book Timeperspective reductionismI hate self help books How is it possible that I have been tempted to read this book Right from the start I felt like closing it especially after reading this sentence We will first help
you identify your personal time perspectives and then we will offer you exercises designed to expand identify your personal time perspectives and then we will offer you exercises designed to expand time orientation and help you make the most or your precious time Jesus how is it possible that someone can be so na eve as to think that you can change your life just by using your time perspective differentlyAnd yet I kept on reading because of course the analysis of time perspectives and the role these play in a manwoman s life is not completely unsound But I have to admit that I los I was very disappointed w this book I really liked The Lucifer Effect but this book really seems to have very little that wasn t obvious Zimbardo and Boyd are academically active psychologists of some renown This book about different time perspectives of people is based on decades of experimental experience So they know what they are talking about Zimbardo and Boyd start from the observation that each of us experiences time in a special way Time perspective is the often nonconscious personal attitude that each of us holds toward time and the process whereby the continual flow of existence is bundled into time categories that help to ive order
coherence and meaning to our lives There is nothing wrong with that nor with the observation that the and meaning to our lives There is nothing wrong with that nor with the observation that the of time perspectives has an essential impact on human existence But on the basis of their own experiments and those of others Zimbardo and Boyd dare to draw rather far reaching conclusions Future oriented people tend to be successful professionally and academically to eat well to exercise regularly and to schedule preventive doctor s exams In Portrait of a Starter: An Unhidden Story general present oriented people are likely to engage in risky sexual behavior toamble and to use drugs and al. Your every significant choice every important decision you make is determined by a force operating deep inside your mind your perspective on time your internal personal time zone This is the most influential force in your life yet you are virtually unaware of it Once you become aware of your personal time zone you can begin to see and manage your life in exciting new ways In The Time Paradox Drs Zimbardo and Boyd draw on thirty years of pioneering research to reveal for the first time how your individual time perspective shapes your life and is shaped by the world around you Further they demonstrate that your and every other individual's time zones interact to create national cultures economics and personal de.
Philip G. Zimbardo ¾ 4 SummaryAnsparent and largely unaddressed biasI laud the authors inclusion of the Holistic Present as an experience worth addressing but so much of the rest of the book shows if not an ignorance of cultures outside the authors then at least an offhand dismissal of them The authors associate being religious with a high tendency toward the transcendental future something that applies only to the Abrahammic religions and even then only to the mainstream interpretations thereof They isolate Buddhism as worth examining an excellent idea but lump Hinduism and all Chinese religions into a vast and nebulous other category I understand if this is due to the statistical sample used for the development of this theory but if that s the case then they really should have pursued broadening such data to refine their theory long before How the West Was Lost: Fifty Years of Economic Folly--and the Stark Choices Ahead going so far as to publish a pop science book about it Further even within the religious and cultural paradigm that the authorsrew up in white wealthy Christian western countries oversimplifications of subcultural distinctions abound For instance Zimbardo being of Italian descent briefly examines the differences between southern and northern Italy and offers a disturbingly simplistic view on this complex relationship He does something similar with the economic differences between dominantly Catholic and dominantly Protestant countries which feels almost like stereotypingPerhaps worst of all though is a much personal type of bias that displays itself throughout the book a time perspective bias While the authors spend some time addressing its negative influences surely anticipating this particular criticism the vast majority of the book makes the Future time perspective specifically the planner archetype look like the Philosopher s Stone of modern psychology Extensive lengths of text are devoted to the ways in which Futures are superior to the rest of us and how we can all be like them I have never in my life been less shocked by a twist than when the authors reveal their own time perspective profiles and they are astoundingly close to what the book portrays as the ideal balanceI must admit at this point that much of the data displayed in the book supports these conclusions In fact the authors are excellently deft at backing up their assertions with the results of experiments or research they ve conducted This is admirable However I cannot help but to be conclusion shatteringly skeptical of any result so clear cut and so seemingly advantageous Oh look at that one might say after an experiment it just so happens that we re perfect This is something that any decent scientist should immediately find suspectAll that said I did uite enjoy reading this book This is one of the few books I ve ever read that demands to be written in I don t just mean because of all the little puzzles and exercises the authors throw at you either There are also just many sections in which you ll find a result so completely counterintuitive a statement so spurious and ripe for mocking or a test that begs to be performed on your friends that you ll want to whip out a pen and annotate the whole book This is what I did something I have never done with any other book before or since and I don t regret itI would say that those interested in time as a subject or modern psychology as a discipline would do well to read this book but I offer this recommendation with two substantial caveats The first is that any reader would be well advised to enter this book in a very skeptical mindset and the second is that anyone reading this book ought to have a pen at hand Don t be sueamish about writing in it It s the best way to do this Those who are easily swayed in their opinion by lots of numbers or simple conviction should stay awayRegardless I hope the authors and their many colleagues continue to do follow up research on this subject both to see if these ideas hold up to deeper inspection and also simply to ain reater insight into the human experience Each one of us has a different relationship to the past and future may be classified predominantly present past or
Future Oriented This Orientation May Be Fatalisticoriented this orientation may be fatalistic positive Most of us are mixtures of the above but we all seem to have a dominant tendency For the record futures are the healthiest presents most inclined to be late or take drugs and pasts fatalistic to be stuck in life and depressed The new Zimbardo Boyd book is a crossover of a popular science book and self help manual It discusses what a healthy balance is offers inventories to check what orientation the reader predominantly has and then strategies to change unhealthy The Time Paradox The New Psychology of Time That Will Change Your Life by Philip Zimbardo and John BoydThis book is about changing your perspective on time It focuses on different views of the past present and future The basic views discussed are Past negative Past positive Present fatalistic Present hedonistic Future and Transcendental future This is an organization schema which I find interesting but a bit contrivedThe authors claim that having an overly present view of time can lead to hedonism and low impulse control having a negative view of the past can create depression and stress having an overly future orientation can limit your enjoyment of the present Their oal is to help a person have a balanced view of time They claim that time is your most valuable asset because it cannot be recoveredI liked the idea of a Transcendental future viewpoint a view that there is to this world than our current life time either in the religious or philosophical sense leads to reater happiness People who believe in Moonrise god religion or have a clear positive philosophy tend to live better lives This includes ideas like environmentalism ethics and a world view embracing hopeThis book does not tell you how to manage your time It helps you think about and unveil what your own viewpoints on time are The authorsive several uestionnaires and exercises to make you think about planning for the future how you see your place in time creating Fallen Angel: The Passion of Fausto Coppi goals and have an inventory on time to complete the ZPTI Zimbardo Time Perspective InventoryThis book is written for aeneral audience It is a popular psychology title There is an extensive bibliography and index I enjoyed reading it There was uite a bit to think about. To time each of which in its extreme creates benefits and pitfalls The Time Paradox is a practical plan for optimizing your blend of time perspectives so you et the utmost out of every minute in your personal and professional life as well as a fascinating commentary about the power and paradoxes of time in the modern world No matter your time perspective you experience these paradoxes Only by understanding this new psychological science of time zones will you be able to overcome the mental biases that keep you too attached to the past too focused on immediate ratification or unhealthily obsessed with future oals Time passes no matter what you do it's up to you to spend it wisely and enjoy it well Here's ho. Cohol than future oriented people are They are also less likely to exercise to eat well and to engage in preventive health practices such as flossing their teeth and etting regular doctor exams The situation is complicated when we consider people whose primary time perspective is the past For some the past is filled with positive memories of family rituals successes and pleasures For others the past is filled with negative memories a museum of torments failures and regrets These divergent attitudes toward the past play dramatic roles in daily decisions because they become binding frames of reference that are carried in the minds of those with positive or negative past views Zimbardo and Boyd ultimately distinguish 7 categories of people depending on their time perspective Past negative Past positive Present fatalistic Present hedonistic Future Transcendental future and holistic presentThat all sounds fairly coherent and acceptable though perhaps a bit too raphic but Zimbardo and Boyd turn those time perspectives into the decisive indicators of human action and things o wrong there because that is pure reductionism It ets even worse because they do not limit themselves to analysis but take it one step further and argue that you can manipulate your time perspective how you spend today determines both your past and your future so when you have control over your present you can control your past and your future In fact you can reinterpret and rewrite your personal past which can ive you a reater sense of control over the future In other words you can reset your time perspective and the authors propose a flexible use of time as an ideal A balanced time perspective will allow you to flexibly shift from past to present to future in response to the demands of the situation facing you so that you can make optimal decisions In practice the authors seem to express a clear preference for a positive future perspective Ha What a big surprise is that my apologies for my sarcasm Here I uit this is normative patronizing and ives the false hope that people can substantially change their lives I do not follow this too simplistic voluntarism based on tips and tricks Actually this book was completely in line with that of Victor Frankl Man s Search for Meaning and the logotherapy he developed in the 1950 s en 1960 s so it wasn t very original As an antidote I can only recommend David Lowenthal s book The Past is a Foreign Country Revisited revised edition 2015 That may be a bit chaotic descriptive but it does not ive people any false hopes For those who have studied psychology as an undergraduate or raduate student you know Zimbardo and probably from peer reviewed journals This book is a nice Beautiful Ghosts gift to the mass market Zimbardo attempts to write in a way that is digestible to theeneral public but certainly the scientist in him shows I find his work fascinating The use of individuals time perspectives to describe their abilities to understand engage in and respond to problems both at the individual and societal levels is simply interesting He offers analysis of some rather intense problems such as describing the possible orientation of suicide bombers among many other situations by which we are all bothered I also like the appeal to the mental health field Zimbardo presents research on happiness and how to improve using the concepts of time perspective your overall well being Review to come soon I was looking for the positive antidote to Zimbardo s Lucifer effect and since I m a chronic procrastinator with ballooning anxiety issues I figured unraveling the time paradox so as to change my life wouldn t be a bad place to start Problem is the book never really Alexandra, Gone gotoing I kept waiting for that big ah hah but instead I ot some fairly common sense ideas about how to have a positive outlook on time I did learn a couple things some about time and some about myself1 A past negative perspective is an unhealthy time perspective I ve recently had a shift towards a negative perspective of my past so I found Phil s advice that I find something to learn from the negative experience and et over it helpful2 Another way to F. Scott Fitzgerald gain a strong past positive perspective is to keep dailyratitude lists I imagine this is an idea that predates psychology by a few thousand years but I still found it usefulDepending on who you are there may be a few other nuggets in here but if you re The Devil Hath Been Raised: A Documentary History of the Salem Village Witchcraft Outbreak of March 1692; Together With a Collection of Newly Located and Gathered Witchcraft Documents going too looking I suggest you do just that look for nuggets Don t o in reading every word and completing each exercise in anxious anticipation of The New Psychology of Time That Will Change Your Life I uite enjoyed reading this book so if a star rating is an attempt
to reflect the reading experience I d be forced to ive it five our of five However I feel I oughtreflect the reading experience I d be forced to ive it five our of five However I feel I ought talk about the merits and faults of the book itself which ends up falling suarely at the eh point on the meterWhen I first heard that the famed Philip Zimbardo was tackling the subject of time in psychology I was so excited that I stayed up late one night listening to hour long lectures on the internet and immediately added this book to my purchase ueue I m a dork I know Partly as a result of this and partly due to my scientific disposition I was than a little disappointed with this book when it came time to actually read through itIts main issue is that while
THE BOOK IS THOROUGHLY GROUNDED INbook is thoroughly rounded in actual science of psychology insofar as psychology can be said to be a proper science it is written and constructed in such a way as to read much like one of those dreaded and rightfully derided self help books I was a bit surprised not see an endorsement by OprahHowever this in itself is not enough for the book to fail as an enterprise Despite my disdain for the enre I am nowhere near close minded enough to write something off simply because it makes use of conventions which do not appeal to me What let me finally dismiss this was the fault in the science itself I do not know enough about the actual experimentation that resulted in many of the statistics and analyses in the book itself so I sadly cannot speak as to how research into this book s central topic can be improved This is unfortunate as I think the topic itself is fascinating however flawed the conclusions of the book might be My issue with the science of the book however lies with its tr.
Stinies You will discover what time zone you live in through DrsYou will discover what time zone you live in through Drs and Boyd's revolutionary tests Ask yourself • Does the smell of fresh baked cookies bring you back to your childhood • Do you believe that nothing will ever change in your world • Do you believe that the present encompasses all and the future and past are mere abstractions • Do you wear a watch balance your checkbook and make to do lists every day • Do you believe that life on earth is merely preparation for life after death • Do you ruminate over failed relationships • Are you the life of every party always late always laughing and always broke These statements are representative of the seven most common ways people relate.